As for “real historical information,” most would define that as accurate and complete history of individuals and the times. Engraved in granite before our U.S. Archives Building in Washington, D.C., is the following quote from William Shakespeare: “…the past is prologue…” Condoning these acts is akin to rejection and erasure of our past leading to its repetition or worse. A Constitutional Case For Removing Confederate Monuments, And A Plug For Masks. Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us. The Chameleon as a Leech: The Costs of Mimicry for the Mimickee. Social Theory and Practice 26(1), 153-171. the relevant government officials and members of the public who together can remove the Confederate monuments… That will depend on our willingness to honestly discuss our history. The National Trust for Historic Preservation now supports the removal of public Confederate monuments, regardless of how old or "historic" they may be. A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments . Travis Timmerman Seton Hall University Page | 1 A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments Forthcoming in Oxford University Press’s Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us 1. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Those that are may not work in museum or park settings because they are designed to be seen from below, in particular examples like the massive statues of Robert E. Lee in New Orleans and John C. Calhoun in Charleston, SC, both of which were placed on tall columns. I’ll discuss the question of “erasing history” in more depth in another post, but clearly we aren’t erasing history by removing monuments that are designed to present a false history. Mississippi Senator Jefferson Davis and former Georgia Congressman Alexander Stephens also renounced citizenship to become President and Vice President of the Confederacy. At least seven states passed legislation in recent years to protect their Confederate monuments, a wave that began around the 2000s and includes a … The academic community is at the forefront of those wanting to remove Confederate statues, which they characterize as racist. I’ve been sidetracked with other issues since this post but expect to have a follow up post after the weekend. – David J. Kent. Author David Shoemaker. For Further Reading. And a group of lawyers … On that day, white … Some of these removals have been done peacefully; others were pulled down by mob action. I am interested in the question of whether the relevant government officials and members of the public who together can remove the Confederate monuments, are morally obligated to (of their own volition) remove … This should serve as a starting point for further rational discussion. History isn’t just how we might interpret ourselves, but how our actions relate to the context of the time. Pp. A particularly important, pressing, philosophical question concerns whether Confederate monuments ought to be removed. Other socialist and authoritarian statues have been pulled down by the people and/or forces of freedom routinely over the course of history. North Carolina lawmakers this week approved a plan to provide teachers with a one-time bonus. The statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee and his mount, Traveler, face the setting sun on Monument Ave. in Richmond, Va., Tuesday, Nov. 13, 2012. And … Experimental Clues in Favor of a Generalized Norm of Reciprocity. Editor's Picks Hunter Biden Cashed In to Fuel His Drug and Sex Habits . The argument for the monuments reflecting “heritage” is, we all must admit, rather weak. 1. I understand that the arguments aren’t persuasive to you. The monument … Editor's Picks Hunter Biden Cashed In to Fuel His Drug and Sex Habits . 513-522 (2020) Authors Travis Timmerman Seton Hall University Abstract A particularly important, pressing, philosophical question concerns whether Confederate monuments ought to be … In the summer of 2017, support polls placed support for keeping Confederate memorials at anywhere from 62% (when asked as a choice between letting statues “remain as a historical symbol” and removing them “because they are offensive to some people”) to just 26% (when the choice was between keeping monuments on government property or relocating … One ticket sold in Maryland wins $731.1 million Powerball jackpot; County commissioners vote to remove controversial Confederate monument, put it in storage The slides explain the history of how such monuments came to be, the development of the ideology … the relevant government officials and members of the public who together can remove the Confederate monuments, are morally obligated to (of their own volition) remove them. These views are backed up by history. The more we can do this proactively, the less we’ll see of uninformed mob action. In the wake of the murder of George Floyd beneath the knee of a Minneapolis police officer, riots and protests have rocked the nation. This wasn’t simply an irrational reaction to Lincoln’s election, it was a decision planned for many years. “For there to be racial progress, there need to be drastic improvements in failing schools in minority communities,” Martinez exclaimed. Erection of these statues was part of a larger scheme of intimidation where the Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacy groups ran rampant and everyone, white and black, knew that the judge, prosecutor, and sheriff bringing black men into the courthouse might very well have been wearing a white hood and burning crosses the night before. Unfortunately, academic philosophers have largely ignored this question. I’ll continue with future posts addressing other rebuttals or concerns to my original post outlining a rational case for removing Confederate monuments. Secondly, the destruction/removal of statues, sculptures, and monuments is historically reviled as an early step in the formation of socialist and authoritarian governments. As far as I can tell, what to do with them is still up in the air for most of those taken down. This is why you can see Confederate flags flying in North Dakota, New Jersey, and other areas that either didn’t exist at the time or were Union states, not part of the Confederacy. They are, indeed, the antithesis of our hard-earned freedoms in the Constitution to think, speak, and act lawfully, religiously, and ethically, without coercion. the relevant government officials and members of the public who together can remove the Confederate monuments, are morally obligated to (of their own volition) remove them. [Graphic credit: Southern Poverty Law Center]. If you have any thoughts, either in support or refutation of what I’ve written, feel free to leave a comment below and I’ll do my best to provide a response. – David J. Kent, Pingback: Why Was the Robert E. Lee Statue Removed from Statuary Hall? A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments. To act without coercion we must learn accurate history, not a false history, and make choices based on honest discussion. This continued through the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Rights Act. A three-judge panel of the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans upheld a lower court’s refusal to block the removal. u/ADefiniteDescription. “A Confederate monument committee raised the funds to purchase and erect the monument along the West Pike Street side of the square in 1993,” the county attorney said. level 1. are to honor the person or people depicted. What are your thoughts? To that end we must have historical information that is real. wunc.org | 06-19. Social Theory and Practice 26(1), 153-171. Lawsuit aims to remove Confederate monuments at N.C. courthouses, with Gaston's first Michael Gordon The Charlotte Observer Nov 13, 2020 Nov 13, 2020; 0; The Confederate Heroes monument … The momentum to remove Confederate memorials … So a statement that pulling down statues leads to “formation of socialist and authoritarian governments” seems particularly unsupportable. Travis Timmerman. by Brandon Crocker. While some see Confederate monuments as representative of “heritage,” others see them representing a continuing subjugation based on race. In Bob Fischer (ed. Of the entries listed in the following table, for example, only 11 of the 84 were pulled down by protesters; the rest were removed by owners. Blog. His time after the war as president of Washington College (renamed Washington and Lee after his death) might be relevant if any of his actions were relevant to his standing. They feel that these Confederate monuments exacerbate and provide and anchor for continuing racism in America. In all cases, the full story would need to be told. North Carolina lawmakers this week approved a plan to provide teachers with a one-time bonus. A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments. Lincoln in Paris – Wiegers Calendar October, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_monuments_and_memorials_removed_during_the_George_Floyd_protests#Confederate_monuments, Do We ‘Erase History’ by Removing Confederate Monuments? In a broader sense, I hope these discussions can lead to a more comprehensive discussion on equality in America such that we can identify and remove the societal barriers that keep us from achieving the more perfect union that the Founders and Abraham Lincoln saw as our national ideal. The Equal Protection argument for removing Confederate monuments hinges on the prosecution's ability to argue that the intended message of Confederate statues is one of white … It fails to recognize that racial attitudes … Thirdly, these actions are the result of anti-government actions by those who profess and practice anarchy. Recent Stories. 2) American soldiers pulled down statues of Hitler. “Most people who have defended the statue say that it was a monument honoring the Confederate dead. Scientist, Traveler, Abraham Lincoln Scholar. A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments (Guest Post by Travis Timmerman for Applied Ethics April) Posted on April 24, 2019 April 6, 2019. More precisely, one may wonder whether a certain group, viz. As I mentioned in the post, Confederate monuments were part of a platform of racial intimidation and rewriting of history to minimize the role of slavery (as well as Jim Crow, segregation, KKK, lynching, etc.) Can We Add Context to Confederate Monuments? The main argument behind removing these monuments isn't shame and disgrace. Why the case for the removal of Confederate memorials isn’t so clear-cut July 8, 2015 8.40am EDT • Updated April 25, 2017 2.20pm EDT Alfred L. Brophy , University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill I’ll continue with future posts addressing other rebuttals or concerns to my original post outlining a rational case for removing Confederate monuments. Introduction On August 21st 2017, white supremacist protestors marched in Charlottesville, Virginia purportedly to protest the city’s planned removal of a statue of Confederate General … A Constitutional Case For Removing Confederate Monuments, And A Plug For Masks . Torin, A. In the second section, I make my unique harm-based argument for the removal of Confederate monuments. According to Smithsonian Magazine, "Confederate monuments aren't just heirlooms, the artifacts of a bygone era.Instead, American taxpayers are still heavily investing in these tributes today." As Landrieu pointed out, many of today’s contested Confederate monuments were raised long after the war, during periods of white backlash … In court documents filed last month, Madison County made clear it will fight the $25,000 fine imposed by the state of Alabama for removing a Confederate monument from … The time period (post-reconstruction, Jim Crow, segregation) also reflected a conscious attempt to rewrite history, creating a “Lost Cause” mythology that denied slavery’s role in antebellum America and the cause of the Civil War. A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments. (2020). All chose to forsake the Union and actively go to war against the United States. What we refer to as the “Confederate flag” existed for even less time. Local officials in Alabama’s largest city, which has a majority black population, removed a 115-year-old Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument in the city’s Linn Park after protestors and demonstrators vandalized it Sunday. In another case, Hillsborough County Board of Commissioners voted in July to remove the Memoria In Aeterna monument, which honors Confederate soldiers, from a … New York: Oxford University Press. Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us. Also, as I noted, very few were pulled down by protesters. Posted by. 3) As already noted, most statues were removed by governments themselves, not protesters. by Brandon Crocker. Or the end result may be different. While most protests were peaceful, some took advantage of the situation to destroy property, including pulling down a handful of the more than 700 Confederate monuments. Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials is an ongoing process in the United States since the 1960s. I’m not sure what you mean by “we deserve to interpret our lives and experiences in our own contexts.” That seems to describe memoir, not history. The Subject: The first time period represented is the subject of the statue (or name, in the case of school naming). In B. Fischer (ed.) This is also true for non-Confederate monuments that have been targeted, including Columbus, Lincoln, Washington, Jefferson, Frederick Douglass, and Teddy Roosevelt (and perhaps others I missed). But some jurisdictions have decided to remove statues for a variety of reasons. Iraqis pulled down statues of Saddam Hussein. Share on Facebook Tweet it Share on Google+ Share on LinkedIn Pin it Share on Reddit Share on StumbleUpon Email this Print. London: Institute of Classical Studies, 1960, 1961, 1962. Alabama Attorney General Steve Marshall filed a new lawsuit against the city of Birmingham Tuesday for removing a Confederate monument in Linn Park. I will follow up this post in a few days by addressing some alternative positions and rebuttals to what I’ve presented. My hope is that it provides a framework where historians, members of the community in which individual statues sit, and black rights activist groups such as Black Lives Matter can proactively sit down to discuss the fate of any given statue, school name, etc. Many Americans called for the removal of Confederate symbols and monuments in public places. As for visual reminders of our nation’s past and “the opportunity to study and use the lessons they convey,” that’s very true. I’ll likely address your points in greater detail in forthcoming posts, which I’m now thinking will likely be a series of post. best. The end result may be that most Confederate monuments remain in place with additional context. Diaz-Griffith, a member of the Society of Architectural Historians, the Decorative Arts Trust, and the Royal Oak Foundation presented his case on his personal Instagram feed with a series of slides titled "The Anti Racist Preservationist's Guide to Confederate Monuments." He is the author of Lincoln: The Man Who Saved America, Tesla: The Wizard of Electricity and Edison: The Inventor of the Modern World as well as two specialty e-books: Nikola Tesla: Renewable Energy Ahead of Its Time and Abraham Lincoln and Nikola Tesla: Connected by Fate. By Jeff Tiberii • Jun 19, 2020 . This massive undertaking to rewrite history and engage in intimidation lasted up to the second world war. Colonel Robert E. Lee of the Union Army was offered the position of General-on-Chief, but chose instead to renounce his citizenship to join the Confederacy. New York: Oxford University Press. Polling on Confederate symbols has proved to be especially sensitive to the way survey questions are framed. Ashes of Our Fathers: Racist Monuments and the Tribal Right. And if that is the case, then perhaps it should be in a cemetery,” said Vice Chair Betsy … “For there to be racial progress, there need to be drastic improvements in failing schools in minority communities,” Martinez exclaimed. We may decide they do have to be removed, or that they can be used for educational purposes either in situ or in museum settings, but that decision should be through proactive, rational debate. The adage, “history is written by the winners…” is, unfortunately, human nature and, realistically we deserve to interpret our lives and experiences in our own contexts. (2) Monuments Illustrating New Comedy. By Mark Anthony Neal. A national debate of the state of race relations has broken out across the nation. The United Daughters of the Confederacy were instrumental in this program. A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments Silent Sentinels Demetriou's First Objection: Reject Premise 1 Demetriou's Second Objection: Reject Premise 5 Is it legally obligatory (or Constitutional) to remove public Confederate monuments? Yasmeen Serhan. The Physical Legacy of a Troubled Past. A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments Forthcoming in Oxford University Press’s Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us 1. Thanks for your comment. Travis Timmerman Seton Hall University A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments Forthcoming in Oxford University Press’s Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us 1. Many municipalities in the United States have removed monuments and memorials on public property dedicated to the Confederate States of America (CSA), and some, such as Silent Sam in North Carolina, have been torn down by protestors. 1) The actual number of Confederate symbols is a bit of a moving target, so 60 might not be the current number. My goal in this post, and the post(s) to follow, is to encourage rational discussion and a reasoned and informed decision on the fate of monuments. Share Tweet Email. In some cases the removal was legal and official; in others, most notably in Alabama and North Carolina, ... Alabama city council voted 4–1 to remove a monument of Confederate artillery officer John Pelham located in the grassy median of a major public avenue in Anniston since 1905. Epistemological Crises Made Stone: Confederate Monuments and the End of Memory. By Steele Marcoux. First, the number 60 is hardly a handful – it is instead a significant number. The UDC was also behind the rewriting of textbooks to minimize the role of slavery (e.g., “African immigrants came to America to find work” instead of the reality of the forced international slave trade). Symbolic Meaning and the Confederate Battle Flag. More than 130 Confederate monuments and other historic statues were taken down across three dozen states amid a wave of protests and … They are largely symbolic acts directed at symbols that, by and large, have long been relegated to unread history books and museums. In the first section, I provide some relevant historical context. “I can’t even imagine the cost that would be involved in removing Confederate monuments and markers from national battlefields. ), Ethics, Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us. August 22, 2017, 12:00 AM . Former George W. Bush Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice recently questioned the “glorification of the Confederacy” and especially the glorification of “military officers who tried to destroy the country,” adding, “I don’t get it.”. Rather than merely coinciding with Jim Crow laws or pushback against civil rights progress, the act of erecting monuments to the Confederacy was another plank in the platform to promote white supremacy and rewrite history. In B. Fischer (ed.) Nearly 1,800 of these symbols remain. On the Intersignification of Monuments in Augustan Rome. Bicknell, J. BernardJOrtcutt. A smaller spike occurred immediately after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court ruling that reversed the earlier Plessy and deemed segregation unconstitutional because it created and institutionalized inequality. Log in or Sign up log in sign up. Pingback: Do We ‘Erase History’ by Removing Confederate Monuments? Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials is an ongoing process in the United States since the 1960s. As the old saying goes, we don’t forget what Hitler did because there aren’t any statues of him in Germany. City sues to remove Confederate monument, citing free speech Virginia's second largest city is suing the state in an attempt to remove an 80-foot-tall Confederate monument from its downtown August 17, 2017 Written by Camille Jackson. We are 150 years after the Reconstruction amendments that guaranteed freedom, citizenship, and voting rights to all Americans (and reiterated 50+ years ago with the Civil and Voting Rights Acts), and yet African Americans and other minorities still feel they are being blocked from exercising their constitutional rights. I’m not sure what you mean with your last statement about “the antithesis…to think, speak, and act lawfully, religiously, and ethically, without coercion.” The goal my post espouses it to provide a rational and fact-based discussion of Confederate (and by extension, other) monuments such that we can think, speak, act lawfully, and ethically without coercion. On Racist Symbols and Reparations. June 25, 2020 Link Copied. 23 comments. By Jeff Tiberii • Jun 19, 2020 . Pp. Ironically, the groups most vociferous about protecting Confederate monuments, as I noted in the post, are KKK, neo-Nazis, and white supremacists, most notably anti-government and anarchistic groups like the Proud Boys. These choices of when and were to erect Confederate monuments and name schools and Army bases was not random or accidental, as the graph shows. Close. On the other hand, many are not great works of art in themselves. Share Tweet Email. Dramatic Monuments T. B. L. Webster: (I) Monuments Illustrating Old and Middle Comedy. – David J. Kent. Introduction On August 21 st 2017, white supremacist protestors marched in Charlottesville, Virginia purportedly to protest the city’s planned removal of a statue of Confederate General … – David J. Kent, Why Was the Robert E. Lee Statue Removed from Statuary Hall? This hardly is enough time to reflect heritage. In it, I argue that people have a moral obligation to remove most, if not all, public Confederate monuments because of the unavoidable harm they inflict on undeserving persons. I’ll address your statements in more detail in my follow up post, but here are some quick responses. North Carolina lawmakers this week approved a plan to provide teachers with a one-time bonus. Also, the “heritage” presented is a false history that intentionally dismisses slavery as the key to secession and the cause of the Civil War despite the Confederacy, both at the state and federal level clearly and repeatedly stating that protection of slavery was the cornerstone of secession and war. As always, any rational and respectful comment will be addressed. Φ . But it doesn't follow that rioting and vandalism are the right way to do it. Check out my Goodreads author page. Jun 12, 2020 E. Benjamin Andrews/Wikimedia Commons. Sociologist James W. 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