An application for contribution is available in tortious liability claims. The answer to the question on damages is above. 2.    In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires-. After receipt of the notice of withdrawal, the defendant will only be entitled to costs incurred up to the time of receipt of such notice unless the court or judge otherwise orders. This is in line with Order 14 Rule 4 of the High Court Rules. The same limitation period of six (6) years also applies to contractual liability. 469 at 471). Rule 9 of the Rules provides as follows: “9. If so, at what stage and in what circumstances? As earlier stated in section 1, civil proceedings are commenced by a party instituting an action depending on the cause of action and rules of a particular court. The parties shall prepare, not less than seven days before the scheduling conference, a scheduling conference brief and exchange briefs, which shall include: 1.4        What is your jurisdiction’s local judiciary’s approach to exclusive jurisdiction clauses? 12.  (1)  If the landlord opposes an application under subsection (1) of section four on grounds on which he is entitled to oppose it in accordance with section eleven and establishes any of those grounds to the satisfaction of the court, the court shall not make an order for the grant of a new tenancy. Only in post-action interim remedies such as injunctions, and in Judicial Review proceedings, is grant of leave operating as a stay of a decision of an administrative body available. (6)  A notice under this section shall not have effect unless it states whether the landlord would oppose an application to the court under this Act for the grant of a new tenancy and, if so, also states on which of the grounds mentioned in section eleven he would do so. The notice also tells the other party where and when the Court will hear the application. Evidence in support thereof may be on affidavit or, where an affidavit is not required by these Rules, viva voce. Giga-fren [ 3 ] The original Notice of Motion claims immunity over 23 documents, all of which are found in Exhibit R-11.5, the Government's 'Fresh as Amended Privileged Document List' of December 16, 1999. $91. the Registrar shall have power to make an order giving effect to the agreement. 8.    An application by a landlord under section seven of the Act to the court to determine the rent which it would be reasonable for the tenant to pay while the tenancy continues by virtue of section four of the Act shall be supported by affidavit. A plaintiff may also discontinue a matter against a defendant, which is done by giving notice to the registrar to discontinue the suit. 20.    Any agreement relating to a tenancy to which this Act applies (whether contained in the instrument creating the tenancy or not) shall be void in so far as it purports to preclude the tenant from making an application or request under this Act, or provides for the termination or surrender of the tenancy in the event of his making such an application or request, or for the imposition of any penalty or liability on the tenant in that event. However, with respect to a non-party to litigation to finance proceedings, the Zambian courts are likely to examine the doctrine of maintenance and champerty. Contents of notice of motion 18.4. In an application for prerogative orders of certiorari, prohibition, mandamus, Habeas Corpus or enforcement of Fundamental Human Rights, originating motion may be used. The statutory amendment to reduce the limitation period from six (6) years to three (3) for actions for damages for negligence, nuisance or breach of duty in Zambia is only in respect of personal injuries.     3.    My proposals on the rent to be payable under the new tenancy and as to the other terms of the new tenancy are (here state the rent and terms proposed). Evidence on application under section 4 of the Act, (2)  Not less than four days before the day fixed for the first hearing of the notice of motion the respondent must file an affidavit stating-. 1.7        Are there any constraints to assigning a claim or cause of action in your jurisdiction? a concise summary of the facts, including the agreed facts and admissions; a concise summary of the issues and the law to be relied on by each party, including the rights and interests of the party; a witness statement, which shall contain all the facts relevant to the claim as the case may be, and make reference to the documents relied upon in the bundle of documents; and. It is trite law that civilprocedure rules are enacted to govern the methods and practices used in civillitigation. However, these measures are administrative and are revisited from time to time by the Chief Justice. MORTGAGEE ABOUT LANDLORD'S INTEREST, To ...................................................................... , of  , 10.  (1)  Subject to the provisions of this Act, on an application under subsection (1) of section four for a new tenancy, the court shall make an order for the grant of a tenancy comprising such property, at such rent and on such other terms as are hereinafter provided. (2)  The reference in paragraph (c) of subsection (1) to the date on which an application is finally disposed of shall be construed as a reference to the earliest date by which the proceedings on the application (including any proceedings on or in consequence of an appeal) have been determined and any time for appealing has expired, except that if the application is withdrawn or an appeal is abandoned, the reference shall be construed as a reference to the date of the withdrawal or abandonment. The law regarding limitation of actions in Zambia is governed by the provisions of the British statute known as the Limitation Act, 1939, the application of which is extended to the Zambian jurisdiction by virtue of the provisions of Section 2 of the British Acts Extension Act Chapter 10, Volume 2 of the Laws of Zambia. tenant of the above-mentioned premises, hereby request you to grant me a new tenancy commencing on (3)  The persons referred to in subsection (2) are, in relation to the tenant of any premises-, (a)        any person having an interest in the premises, being an interest in reversion expectant (whether immediate or not) on the tenant's; and. (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (b) of subsection (1), a part of the holding shall be deemed to be an economically separable part if, and only if, the aggregate of the rents which, after the completion of the intended work, would be reasonably obtainable on separate lettings of that part and the remainder of the premises affected by or resulting from the work would not be substantially less than the rent which would then be reasonably obtainable on a letting of those premises as a whole. Are contingency fee/conditional fee arrangements permissible? It is worth noting that administratively, the High Court has been segmented into specialised Jurisdictions, i.e. The expert witness must either observe the facts on which his opinion is based, or he must make a hypothesis. (3)  Rent paid into court under the Act may be claimed by the landlord within one year of the date of payment into court. There are no rules with respect to disclosure by third parties. Notice of originating motion. For example, are there any rights of appeal from arbitration awards and expert determination decisions, are there any sanctions for refusing to mediate, and do settlement agreements reached at mediation need to be sanctioned by the court? According to Order 40 Rule 7 of the High Court Act, upon an application by a defendant, the court or judge may require the plaintiff in any suit to give security for costs to the satisfaction of the court or a judge, and the court or judge may also require the defendant to give security for costs of the proceedings undertaken in his interest. A copy of such notice shall be served upon the landlord. The Mediation Rules encourage parties to settle court cases on the sidelines of court proceedings through the use of court-accredited mediators. this action by Originating Notice of Motion is appropriate having regard to Order 6 Rule 1(1)and the reliefs sought bythe Applicant. (3)  The court shall fix the date (which date shall not in any case be earlier than the date of commencement of the tenancy) from which the rent so determined under subsection (1) shall be payable by the tenant, and any sum paid in excess of the rent so determined shall be recoverable from the landlord who received the payment, or from his legal personal representative, by the tenant who paid such sum; and any such sum, and any other sum which, under the provisions of this Act is recoverable by a tenant from a landlord or payable or repayable by a landlord to a tenant, may, without prejudice to any other method of recovery, be deducted by the tenant from any rent payable by him to the landlord. (2)  The landlord shall not be entitled to oppose an application on the ground specified in paragraph (g) of subsection (1), if the interest of the landlord, or an interest which has merged in that interest and but for the merger would be the interest of the landlord, was purchased or created after the beginning of the period of five years which ends with the termination of the current tenancy, and at all times since the purchase or creation thereof the holding comprised in a tenancy or successive tenancies has been occupied wholly or mainly for the purposes of carrying on business thereon. 8.4        Are there any particular rules regarding instructing expert witnesses, preparing expert reports and giving expert evidence in court?     Dated this ........................................................ day of        , 19 ....... NOTICE BY TENANT OF BUSINESS PREMISES REQUIRING INFORMATION FROM     4.    This request is made under the provisions of section 6 of the Landlord and Tenant (Business Premises) Act. If so, at what stage and are there any consequences? The claimant’s pleadings include a concise narration of the claim accompanied by a detailed statement in the form of either a statement of claim or an affidavit in support of the notice of complaint. Therefore, refusing to reach agreement through mediation attracts no sanctions. 13.    An application by a tenant under section twenty-eight of the Act to the court for determination of rent shall be supported by affidavit. 9. For all intents and purposes, the Order currently applicable is Order X Rule 23. Act No. The court may also enter Judgment on Admission where a defence fails to traverse the allegations, as it will be deemed to have admitted the allegations as stated in Order 53 Rule 6(5) of the High Court Rules; further, Order 27 of the Rules of the Supreme Court 1999 Edition, Volume 1 provide that a party may give notice by his pleading in writing that he admits the truth of the whole or part of the case of any other party. It is imperative to state that the expert evidence is there to aid the court in arriving at its own judgment on the evidence before it, and the court is not bound to follow expert’s evidence. Item 9 Hearing of proceedings by one or more judges, for each day of hearing or part of a day of hearing: (see below) (a) on the 2nd, 3rd or 4th day. Application for extension of time under section 10 (4) of the Act. (b)        (to the best of his knowledge and belief) the name and address of the person who is his or, as the case may be, his mortgagor's, immediate landlord in respect of those premises or of the part in respect of which he or his mortgagor is not the owner in fee simple, for what term his or his mortgagor's tenancy thereof has effect and what is the earliest date (if any) at which that tenancy is terminable by notice to quit given by the landlord. (1)Or see lower court documents for reference. 2. Rule 21(1) of the Industrial Relations Court (Arbitration and Mediation Procedure) (Amendment) Rules, 2007 states that where the mediation fails, the record of proceedings should be returned to the court. 54 r. 5) In the Supreme Court of Western Australia*General Division/Court of Appeal No. 22.  (1)  Where, under this Act, an order is made for possession of the property comprised in a tenancy, or an order is refused for the grant of a new tenancy, and it is subsequently made to appear to the court that the order was obtained, or the court was induced to refuse the grant, by misrepresentation or concealment of material facts, the court may order the landlord to pay to the tenant such sum as appears sufficient as compensation for damage or loss sustained by the tenant as the result of the order or refusal. (4)  A court may deduct 21/2per centum commission on rent paid into court by a tenant. In the High Court, the judge in charge is given powers to allocate cases, the deputy judge in charge allocates the cases in the Commercial Registry, and in the Subordinate Court the Chief Principal Magistrate is in charge of allocation of cases. Hearing of interlocutory applications 18.7. Pleadings can be amended upon application to court. There has been an increase in the use of arbitration, mediation and tribunals by litigants in Zambia. at the Principal Registry at Lusaka or at any of the District Registries currently found at Kabwe, Ndola, Kitwe, Livingstone, Mazabuka, Mongu, Chipata, Mansa, Kasama, Solwezi and Chinsali. The general rule is that documents privileged in Zambia are not admissible for the purposes of civil proceedings. In this respect, where the parties have agreed to grant exclusive jurisdiction to a particular court, the court will readily enforce such an agreement provided the claim is not illegal or contrary to public policy. See Order 4 and Rule 5.02 (2) of the Supreme Court (General Civil Procedure) Rules 2015 for more information. "Registrar" means the Registrar of the High Court, and includes a Deputy Registrar and a District Registrar. The underlying framework is that there should be no trial by ambush as every litigant has a right to have notice of the matters that will arise at trial. Can the defendant bring a counterclaim(s) or defence of set-off? (3)  Notwithstanding anything in subsection (1)-. If the plaintiff does not give notice of trial within 6 weeks after the close of the pleadings, or within such extended time as the Court may allow, the defendant may give notice of trial or may apply to the Court to dismiss the action for want of prosecution. (5)  In this section, the expression "mortgagee in possession" includes a receiver appointed by the mortgagee or by the court who is receipt of the rents and profits, and the expression "his mortgagor" shall be construed accordingly. An Act to provide security of tenure for tenants occupying property for business, professional and certain other purposes; to enable such tenants to obtain new tenancies in certain cases; and to provide for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto. documents available in the public domain. As stated earlier, the Zambian courts to a very large extent consider English authorities to be highly persuasive. 5.2        Does your civil justice system allow for the consolidation of two sets of proceedings in appropriate circumstances? The taxing master’s determination is based on statutory charge-out rates provided for in a statutory instrument that governs legal practitioners’ costs, called the Legal Practitioners’ (Costs) Order, 2017, Statutory Instrument No. Additionally, a person who is adjudged or certified to be a vexatious litigant equally must seek leave of court before commencing an action. (b)        whether his tenancy has effect subject to any sub-tenancy on which his tenancy is immediately expectant and, if so, what premises are comprised in the sub-tenancy, for what term it has effect (or, if it is terminable by notice, by what notice it can be terminated), what is the rent payable thereunder, who is the sub-tenant, and (to the best of his knowledge and belief) whether the sub-tenant is in occupation of the premises or of part of the premises comprised in the sub-tenancy and, if not, what is the sub-tenant's address. (b)        premises let or used exclusively for residential purposes; (c)        premises let by Government or a local authority; (d)        premises held by a tenant under a tenancy for a term of years certain exceeding twenty-one years; (e)        premises or part of the premises comprised in a tenancy, in which a tenant is carrying on a business in breach of a prohibition (however expressed) of use for business purposes which subsists under the terms of the tenancy and extends to the whole of those premises, unless the immediate landlord or his predecessor in title has consented to the breach or the immediate landlord has acquiesced therein. (b)   this section shall not apply unless the plaintiff proves that the person under the disability was not, at the time when the right of action accrued to him, in the custody of a parent. Dismissal of application for new tenancy where landlord successfully opposes, (2)  Where, in a case not falling within subsection (1), the landlord opposes an application under subsection (1) of section four on one or more of the grounds specified in paragraphs (d), (e) and (f) of subsection (1) of section eleven but establishes none of those grounds to the satisfaction of the court, then, if the court would have been satisfied of any of those grounds if the date of termination specified in the landlord's notice or, as the case may be, the date specified in the tenant's request for a new tenancy as the date from which the new tenancy is to begin had been such later date as the court may determine, being a date not more than one year later than the date so specified-. The courts have wide powers to give relief in certain cases. 13 of 1994. (b)        any person being a mortgage in possession in respect of such an interest in reversion as is mentioned in paragraph (a); and the information which any such person as is mentioned in paragraph (a) is required to give under subsection (2) shall include information whether there is a mortgage in possession of his interest in the premises and, if so, what is the name and address of the mortgagee.    Upon any application under the Act to the court there shall be paid in respect of the filing of such application a fee of fifty fee units where the application is made to the High Court and fifty fee units where the application is made to a Subordinate Court. On the same day, the applicant also filed an interlocutory motion which essentially seeks the same relief as that requested in items 2 and 3 in the originating notice of Motion. In the case of Chuba v The People (1976) Z.R. How do you apply for them? The ex-parte order of injunction dated January 18, 2021 is according discharged forthwith,” she said. 4 of 1977. The Zambian Civil Rules do not provide for split trials. holding orders pending the final outcome) in support of arbitration proceedings, force parties to arbitrate when they have so agreed, or order parties to mediate or seek expert determination? After service is effected, the process server or the sheriff is requested to return a copy of the process served to the registrar together with the evidence of service by affidavit of the person who served the document, which will then result in the issuance of a certificate of service of foreign process. The Record of Appeal should contain all the documents that were relied upon by the parties in the court bellow. 64.Notice of originating motion (O. (c)        the availability or otherwise of premises similar in all material respects to the premises in respect of which the court was precluded from making the order for the grant of a new tenancy; but, in no case, shall the amount of such compensation exceed a sum equivalent to three times the annual rent payable by the tenant in the last year of his tenancy. Motion … expert reports, if any, and the relevant portions of documents relied on by the parties subject to the applicable rules of the Supreme Court Practice 1999 Edition. Depending on the court, this could be by way of writ of summons, notice of claim, notice of complaint or default writ of summons, originating notice of motion, petition or originating summons. Defendant. (2)  The provisions of subsection (1) shall not apply in a case where the property comprised in the current tenancy includes other property besides the holding and the landlord requires any new tenancy ordered to be granted under section ten to be a tenancy of the whole of the property comprised in the current tenancy; but in any such case-, (a)        any order under the said section ten for the grant of a new tenancy shall be an order for the grant of a new tenancy of the whole of the property comprised in the current tenancy; and. 11.1      What methods of alternative dispute resolution are available and frequently used in your jurisdiction? Is there a preferred method of service of foreign proceedings in your jurisdiction? CHAPTER 193 THE LANDLORD AND TENANT (BUSINESS PREMISES) ACTCHAPTER 193, THE LANDLORD AND TENANT (BUSINESS PREMISES) ACT,   4.          Continuation of tenancies to which this Act applies and grant of new tenancies,   5.          Termination of tenancy by landlord,   6.          Tenant's request for a new tenancy,   7.          Rent while tenancy continues by virtue of section 4,   8.          Termination by tenant of tenancy for fixed term,   9.          Renewal of tenancies by agreement, 10.          Order by court for grant of a new tenancy, 11.          Opposition by landlord to application for new tenancy, 12.          Dismissal of application for new tenancy where landlord successfully opposes, 13.          Grant of new tenancy in some cases where section 11 (1) (f) applies, 14.          Property to be comprised in new tenancy, 15.          Duration of new tenancy, 16.          Rent under new tenancy, 17.          Other terms of new tenancy, 18.          Carrying out of order for new tenancy, 19.          Compensation where order for new tenancy precluded on certain grounds, 20.          Restrictions on agreements excluding provisions of this Act, 21.          Duty of tenants and landlords of business premises to give information to each other, 22.          Compensation for possession obtained by misrepresentation, 23.          Interim continuation of tenancies pending determination by court, 24.          Provisions as to mortgages in possession, 28.          Determination of rent in respect of tenancies commencing on or after 1st January, 1972. 2.2        What limitation periods apply to different classes of claim for the bringing of proceedings before your civil courts? 6.  (1)  On issuing the originating notice of motion by which an application under section four of the Act for a new tenancy is made the applicant must file an affidavit verifying the statements of fact made in the notice of motion. Their decisions are final and not subject to appeal, save for a review by fellow Commissioners. 3.1        How are civil proceedings commenced (issued and served) in your jurisdiction? Arbitration agreements can only be set aside on similar grounds as a contract can be set aside; namely, fraud illegality, misrepresentations, etc. On the question of contingency fees, Rule 9(1) of the Legal Practitioners’ Rules Statutory Instrument No. In the event that service cannot be effected personally, an application to the respective court is made for an order to effect service by means of substituted service, e.g. By Originating Summons. Time for service of notice 18.5. 6.6        Do the courts in your jurisdiction have any powers to discontinue or stay the proceedings? Service of originating summons, petition, notice of motion etc. Under the provisions of Section 11 of the Arbitration Act No. A plaintiff may withdraw any part of his claim before the date fixed for the hearing by giving written notice of such withdrawal to the registrar and to every defendant he desires to withdraw. 6.2        Do the courts in your jurisdiction have any particular case management powers? (3)If the space here is insufficient, blank paper may be used and attached to this Notice. 8.1        What are the basic rules of evidence in your jurisdiction? All of the respective courts have rules of Procedure for Civil Matters in terms of Supreme Court Rules, Constitutional Court Rules, Court of Appeal Rules, High Court Rules, Subordinate Court Rules and Local Court Rules. 6.5        Can the civil courts in your jurisdiction enter summary judgment? Its original jurisdiction is to the extent that any civil claim exceeding an amount set by the High Court Rules of the High Court Act (the “High Court Rules”) has to be commenced in the High Court.     2.    I also require you to notify me whether there is a mortgagee in possession of your interest in the premises and, if so, what is the name and address of the mortgagee and, if there is a receiver appointed by the mortgagee or by the court, of the receiver. 18 OF 1981) [1981] ZMSC 15, Silungwe CJ held as follows: “Although in my judgment the appellant should lose this appeal, I would not condemn him in costs because he has raised a constitutional point of public importance, concerning interpretation of Art. The LT deals with all land disputes. day of ............................. , 19 .......     2.    You are required within two months after the giving of this notice to notify me in writing whether or not you will be willing to give up possession of the premises on that date. Domestic judgments are enforceable in the country pursuant to the provisions of Order XLII of the High Court Rules of the High Court Act, Chapter 27, Volume 3 of the Laws of Zambia. (b)        the tenant is willing to accept a tenancy of an economically separable part of the holding and either paragraph (a) is satisfied with respect to that part or possession of the remainder of the holding would be reasonably sufficient to enable the landlord to carry out the intended work. Foreign judgments in this jurisdiction are enforceable pursuant to the provisions of the Foreign Judgments (Reciprocal Enforcement) Act, Chapter 76, Volume 2 of the Laws of Zambia. labour matters go to the Labour Division. The appellant must therefore file the Record of Appeal within 60 days of the filing of the Notice of Appeal and Memorandum of Appeal. The court, however, can grant an interim relief to facilitate an arbitral tribunal discharging its functions. Log in Where the action is vexatious, the court may, in accordance with Section 16 of the High Court Act, strike out the claim. The Subordinate Court has original and appellate jurisdiction similar to the High Court; however, its jurisdiction is limited according to the quantum of the claim and the nature of the relief being sought by a party to litigation. In the case of mediation, the court can refer the matter to mediation; however, the parties are not forced to reach an agreement. Currently, it also determines matters relating to the Bill of Rights as enshrined in the Constitution. The plaintiff is at liberty to apply to enter a judgment on admission if a defendant lodges a statement of defence falling in the realm of bare denials. Thus, the order should therefore specify or describe the documents to be disclosed with care and precision. 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